Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

What is ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)?

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood disorders. Basically, it is a neuro-developmental disorder. It is characterised by the presence of early onset of persistent, pervasive and impairing hyperactive-impulsive with or without inattentive symptoms.

While ADHD symptoms decline with age, a meta-analysis reported that a significant proportion might have residual symptoms in adulthood. Thus, it can continue from childhood to adulthood life.

The exact main causes of the ADHD conditions are not known, possible causes include genes, nutrition, brain injury & environment, read more details here.

 

What are the symptoms of ADHD?

Generally, symptoms of ADHD include difficulty in staying focused and paying attention, difficulty controlling behavior, and hyperactivity (over-activity).

 

ADHD has these three subtypes:

1. Hyperactive-impulsive behaviour

Hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms of ADHD include:

  • Fidgeting
  • face_paint_children 500-333Squirming
  • Getting up often when seated & cannot sit still
  • Running or climbing at inappropriate times
  • Having trouble playing quietly
  • Talking excessively or out of turn
  • Interrupting

2. Inattentive

Inattention symptoms of ADHD include:

  • Not paying attention to details
  • Making careless mistakes
  • Failing to pay attention and keep on tasks
  • Not listening
  • Being unable to follow or understand instructions
  • Avoiding tasks that involve effort
  • Being distracted or forgetful
  • Losing things that are needed to complete tasks

3. ADHD, Combined Type:

Both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity symptoms

Comorbidity

ADHD often co-exists with another psychiatric disorder, with epidemiological studies reporting comorbidity rates as high as 50-90%. Some of the more common comorbid disorders include oppositional defiant disorder, Tourette syndrome, smoking & substance abuse, conduct disorder, learning anxiety disorder and mood disorder.

Fortunately, while ADHD can interfere with the child’s availability for learning, it does not reduce the brain’s ability to learn new things.

Thus, it cannot be further emphasised that ADHD should be recognised and treated early. Parents, Guardians or care taker recognizing such ADHD symptoms in the child and seeking early intervention will lead to better outcomes for both affected children and their families.

Early intervention (as early as 3 years old) also better prepare the children for pre-schools or school where the condition could be better managed and helps the child diagnosed with ADHD to adapt into the environment more easily.

 

How can Therapy Alliance Singapore help?

If you suspect your child is showing one or more of the above ADHD symptoms, do not hesitate to contact us for a FREE no-obligation discussion on your child’s development health condition with our special education & learning therapist/specialist/teachers before deciding to perform an ADHD Test for complete analysis of your child. Upon completion of the test or diagnosis work, we shall follow a proposal of the ADHD Treatment specific to your child’s condition.

We offer a wide range of class and service from speech therapy, occupational therapy, psychological to social skills and interaction training and others, tailor to each kids condition. There are also enrichment activity such as Art sessions to help overcome the difficulty and accelerate the child’s learning ability.

Your Child’s Progress shall be our Greatest Reward and Motivation!

Act now, contact or email us any inquiries and we will be most glad to offer our best professional advice & support on ADHD.

 

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